#
Philosophy of Mathematics and Deductive Structure in Euclid's Elements

by
Ian Mueller

##### Hardcover Book, 400 pages

##### See Other Available Editions

- Description
- This is the most extensive examination of Euclid's "Elements" in English since the last revision of T. L. Heath's monumental three-volume translation and commentary appeared over fifty years ago. While the present work augments and updates Heath's in the light of subsequent scholarship, its principal concern is to apply the resources of modern logic and philosophy of mathematics to the "Elements" in order to provide an understanding of the distinctively Greek conception of the foundations of mathematics. Mueller probes the internal logic and development of the "Elements, " giving a careful and full account of the independence and interdependence of its various books and of their mathematical and logical foundations. By considering alternative paths Euclid might have followed he clarifies the motivations underlying Euclid's actual choices. The results of his analyses are encapsulated in analytic diagrams. Appendixes listing all the propositions and presuppositions of the "Elements" make it easy for a reader to focus on particular parts of the "Elements" and to study the exact role of individual propositions. In order to bring out distinctive aspects of Greek mathematics the author makes frequent comparisons and contrasts with later mathematical developments. For example, he gives a detailed explanation of the differences between Euclid's axiomatic method and Hilbert's, between Euclid's development of arithmetic and modern ones based on Peano's axioms, and between Euclid's theory of proportion and Dedekind's theory of real numbers. The result is not only a clarification of Greek mathematics but of the mathematical enterprise itself.

### About the Book Find at your local library

Hardcover Book, 400 pages | English | ||

MIT Press (MA) (Unknown) | Unknown | ||

9780262131636 | {{metaContains(['Length', 'Height']) ? formatNumber(meta.Length, 2, '', '" x ') + formatNumber(meta.Height, 2, '', '"') : '7.32 x 10.37 x 1.14 inches'}} | ||

0262131633 | {{getMetaOrDefault(formatNumber(meta.Weight, 2, '', ' lbs'), '2.26 lbs')}} | ||

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